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Lebanon’s moderate climate, rich soil, and abundant water resources provide it with key enablers to stand out in the region as an ideal location for agricultural activity. Rainfall in the country remains relatively abundant, at an average of 2.2 billion cubic meters per year, significantly higher than the regional average. The country is also rich with major rivers and water resources unique in the Middle East.


Major regions for crops, meadows and pastures include the Bekaa plain (where more than 40% of the land is cultivated), the North, especially in Koura and Akkar, and the South with the coastal region from Sidon to Tyre (where intensive agriculture is also present in greenhouses). Mount Lebanon and Nabatiyeh are also important agricultural zones, albeit with lower shares of cultivated land due to their rough landscape.




  • The Agriculture sector generates around 3.5% of Lebanon’s GDP.
  • It employs roughly 6% of the Lebanese labor force, and is the 5th largest employer in the country.
  • Key agricultural products include fruits (mainly apples, oranges, bananas and grapes, but also significantly olives) which account for 31% of total agricultural production, and vegetables (such as potatoes, tomatoes and maize) which account for 63% of total production.
  • Amongst the vegetable category, potatoes account for the highest share of production with 25% of total vegetables production. They are followed by tomatoes (20% of vegetable production), cucumbers (11%) and lemons (5%).
  • Lebanon’s main export market for agricultural products remains the Middle East accounting for 95.3% of total exports in 2017. Five major Arab countries represent Lebanon’s main export markets with a 69.6% share: Kuwait (17.1%), Saudi Arabia (15%), Egypt (14.7%), UAE (14.1%) and Syria (8.7%).
  • Fruits exports accounted for 55.5% of agricultural exports in 2017, vegetables for 41.4% and cereals for 3.1%.




  • Highest proportion of agricultural land in the Middle East. Agricultural areas cover around 65% of the Lebanese territory (nearly equivalent to 6800 km2).
  • Lebanon’s moderate climate, rich soil, and abundant water resources provide it with key enablers to stand out in the region as an ideal location for agricultural activity.
  • Moderate climate allows for the cultivation of a wide variety of crops that would normally grow in both cold and tropical countries.
  • Institutional support to the sector: The government through IDAL provides exporters with financial and non-financial support aimed at increasing exports and widening access to new markets.




  • Aquaculture Farming: Investments in fish farming systems such as the recirculating aquaculture system (RAS) which allows the introduction of new species such as Barramundi, common crap, and Eastern mosquito fish (Gambusia holbrooki).
  • Mushrooms and Truffles:  several mushroom species can be produced locally such as oyster, portobello and shiitake mushrooms that can be sold to French, Italian and Japanese restaurants.
  • Chestnut: Lebanese imports of Chestnuts has been increasing at a CAGR of 21.8% over the period 2012-2016. New product development in the field of chestnut production led to a variety of chestnut-based products such as: candied chestnut, marron glacé, chestnut cream and conserved chestnut.


*Source: National Accounts

Agriculture Investment Incentives
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Lazarieh Tower, 4th Floor, Emir Bechir Street, Riad El-Solh Beirut, Lebanon, P.O.Box 113-7251
+961 1 983306
+961 1 983302