I want to
apply for IDAL’s incentives
know if I qualify for IDAL’s incentives
request IDAL’s support through the BSU
know if I qualify for the BSU Support
to know what are the BSU services
know what are the steps to open a business
know what are the licenses and permits needed to open a business
know more about Investment Opportunities in Lebanon
operate in Lebanon
export from Lebanon
access Global ICT Bids
Lebanon at a Glance
Baalbeck El-Hermel Governorate

Area Size: 3,009 Km2
Population: 416,427 (as per latest estimates)
Districts: Baalbeck, El Hermel
Administrative Center: Baalbeck
Number of municipalities: 83
Number of Projects that benefited from IDAL’s incentives: 1
Unemployment rate: 4%




The Bekaa Valley, with a length of 120km and width of 16 km, represents 42% of Lebanon’s area. It is divided into three main areas: North Bekaa composed of Baalbeck and El Hermel, Central Bekaa and West Bekaa.  

Located 86 Km from Beirut, the Baalbeck - El Hermel governorate includes 63 towns and villages spreaded over  the two districts: El Hermel and Baalbeck, the largest district in Lebanon with a total area of 2,319 km2. Baalbeck city, the capital of this governorate comprises an impressive archaeological site which was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1984.

As for the El Hermel district, located at the extreme northern of the governorate, the limited rainfall and soil low fertility make the wheat and barley the main cultivated crops in addition to livestock farming of sheep and goat. Moreover, the presence of the Assi river makes the region suitable for fish farming mainly for Trout and Tilapia.




  • Agriculture: the soil texture in Baalbeck provides a great potential for crop production. The region grasps the highest share (25%) of total cultivated land in Lebanon. As for Hermel, it enjoys the presence of the Assi river which makes the district the major hydrographic region in Lebanon.
  • Industry: around 32 industrial firms are located in the governorate, 34% of which are engaged in agro-food related activities.


  • 2 universities and higher education institutions are available in Baalbeck - El Hermel region (Lebanese University faculty of Science sand American University of Culture & Education).
  • 80% of aquaculture fish farms in Lebanon are located in El Hermel region along the the Assi river with an estimated average yield of 10-12 tons/year.
  • The presence of Advancing Research Enabling Communities Center (AREC) that includes a research farm, seed bank, and cold storage facility.
  • More than 10 milk storage and cooling centers have been established to serve small dairy holders and producers. The Project “Recovery and Rehabilitation of dairy sector in Bekaa Valley and Hermel-Akkar Uplands” aims at upgrading and improving the capacities and the skills of dairy processors.
  • Development of a waste treatment plant a part of a EU-funded project aiming at constructing a sanitary landfill and a pilot bio-digester that can produce electricity out of organic waste.
  • More than 32 industrial firms are located in Baalbeck - EL Hermel governorate. The majority of these firms (34% of total) are engaged in agro-food related activities.
  • Impressive archeological and touristic sites from Baalbeck citadel to Qamou’ El Hermel and many other cultural sites. The region is home to one of the oldest and most prestigious cultural events in the Middle East: Baalbeck International Festival.




  • Agriculture: Investments in fish farming systems such as the recirculating aquaculture system (RAS) which allows the introduction of new species such as Barramundi, common carp, and Eastern mosquito fish (Gambusia holbrooki).
  • Agro-Food: Opportunities exist in organic dairy products such as flavored milks and dairy snacks.
  • Tourism: Ample opportunities are available across the tourism sub-sectors such as the development of boutique hotels and other rural tourism related activities.
Get in Touch
Lazarieh Tower, 4th Floor, Emir Bechir Street, Riad El-Solh Beirut, Lebanon, P.O.Box 113-7251
+961 1 983306
+961 1 983302