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South Lebanon Governorate

Area Size: 934 Km2
Population: 718,765 (2016)
Districts: Jezzine, Saida, Tyr
Administrative Center: Saida
Number of municipalities: 147
Number of Projects that benefited from IDAL’s incentives: 1
Unemployment rate: 5%



The South Lebanon Governorate spans along the Mediterranean cost, limited by the Nabatieh Governorate to its East and the Mount Lebanon Governorate to its North.

The governorate has an average altitude ranging between 0  to 300 meters above sea level, with a few areas reaching 1,500 meters above sea level in the north. It encompasses few mixed rural areas mainly concentrated around its 3 main cities (Jezzine city, Saida city, and Tyr city), with a majority of natural areas, and main agricultural lands. It is crossed by 7 rivers, the Awali, Sayniq, Litani, Zahrani, Naqura, Qasmiye, and Hasbani rivers.




  • Agriculture: South Lebanon is an important agricultural region, spreading from Sidon to Tyr where intensive agriculture is also present in greenhouses. Greenhouse agriculture in South Lebanon covers an area of 6,277 dounoum (2010), 78% of which is used for the plantation of fruits. Permanent agriculture land covers an area of 201,539 dounoum, 38.9% of which is used for planting olives, and 31.6% used for citrus fruits.
  • Industry: The Governorate encompasses only 8% of total Lebanese industrial firms, accounting for 331 companies. The majority operates in the agro-food sector (25.68%), followed by the furniture sector (12.39%) and the machinery and electrical appliances sector (12.39%). [1]




  • Presence of 9 universities
  • The Governorate is home to 2 of Lebanon’s 4 seaports. The port of Saida, located in the Saida district, is Lebanon’s third largest port, and receives around 200 ships per year. The port of Tyr, located in the Tyr district, is Lebanon’s fourth largest port, but does not extend sufficiently to shelter vessels berthing at the main harbor.
  • Lebanese Agriculture Research Institute (LARI), a governmental organization under Minister of Agriculture that conducts applied and basic scientific research for the development and advancement of the agricultural sector in Lebanon has 2 centers in south Lebanon, one in Lebaa and the other in Tyre. In Lebaa the focus is on olives, biological agriculture, irrigation, greenhouses, while in Tyre the focus is on citrus, exotic agriculture, and olives.



  • Agro-Food: vast agricultural land and important greenhouse activities provide important resources and raw materials for a booming agro-industry.
    • Goat and Dairy Products: There are 35,023 goats, compared to only 4,839 bovine in the governorate, paving the way for important investment opportunities in this sector.
    • Wine Production: Jezzine is the only southern region of the country with a quality of soil that allows for a flourishing wine industry.  There is only 1 winery operating in Jezzine, even though other wineries are planting vineyards in the region.
    • Olive Oil: 15% of olive trees in Lebanon are located in South Lebanon, the second largest concentration in the country.
  • Summer and Eco-Tourism: the presence of natural sites in the Governorate is an important location for the conservation of flora and fauna species, providing opportunities for eco-tourism. The sandy beaches of Tyr and the historical ruins of Sidon and Tyr attract more than 50,000 visitors.


[1] Companies of more than 8 employees – Directory of Exports and Industrial Firms 2015-2016


Area Size: 241 Km2
Population:  25,126 (2016)
Governorate: South Lebanon
Administrative Center: Jezzine (city)
Number of municipalities: 38




Jezzine is the smallest district of the South Lebanon Governorate, accounting for 26% of the Governorate’s total size. Its territory spans from the Awali river in its North to the Litani river to its South, at an altitude ranging from 300 to 1500 meters above sea level, ensuring mild climate conditions and different soil types. It contains 3 rivers providing abundant water resources: the Awali, Sayniq, and the Litani rivers.




  • Agriculture: Jezzine is one of the main agricultural territories of the country due to the presence of large natural areas and abundant water resources. Permanent agricultural production is spread on an area of 29,541 dounoum,  43.8% of which is used for fruit trees (excluding stone fruits and seed fruits), followed by 38.3% used for olive trees.
  • Industry: The industrial sector of Jezzine is still rooted in traditional crafts production. The district is home to 33 industrial companies, with around 60% of them working in Non Mineral Mining Products and Metal. 90% of the non-mineral mining companies produce stones and marbles, and 50% of metal companies produce knives, 2 of Jezzine’s oldest and main crafts production.  




  • High literacy rate of 98%.
  • Located approximately 30 min away from the Port of Saida, Lebanon’s third biggest Sea port.
  • Most of the Jezzine territory is covered in natural areas, the highest portion compared to South Lebanon Districts, making it one of the main agricultural territory of the country.
  • The highest concentration of remarkable landscapes in South Lebanon.
  • 2 vocational schools and 11 public schools.





  • Pine Nuts: The largest pine forest in the MENA, Bkassine, provides opportunities for large scale production of pine nuts. There is currently only 1 processing/packaging facility in Jezzine.
  • Olive Oil: Olive oil is amongst the most prominent Lebanese agro-industrial products with a high export potential, however there is only 1 olive oil producer in the region.
  • Goat and Dairy Products: Goat breeding is more extended than cow breeding in Jezzine and has a high potential to satisfy the large local demand for dairy products.
  • Wine Production: There is only 1 winery in Jezzine, but due to the importance of Jezzine as the only wine region in South Lebanon, other wineries have established vineyards in the area.
  • Eco-Tourism: Jezzine is also an important touristic destination, as it offers access to a regional park and important summer health locations.  The district encompasses the majority of natural sites of South Lebanon, providing opportunities for eco-tourism and summer activities, however only 3 hotels cater for this need.
Get in Touch
Lazarieh Tower, 4th Floor, Emir Bechir Street, Riad El-Solh Beirut, Lebanon, P.O.Box 113-7251
+961 1 983306 / 7 / 8
+961 1 983302 /3
Regional Map - South Lebanon (French)
Jezzine District Overview