I want to
apply for IDAL’s incentives
know if I qualify for IDAL’s incentives
request IDAL’s support through the BSU
know if I qualify for the BSU Support
to know what are the BSU services
know what are the steps to open a business
know what are the licenses and permits needed to open a business
know more about Investment Opportunities in Lebanon
operate in Lebanon
export from Lebanon
access Global ICT Bids

Lebanon’s moderate climate, rich soil, and abundant water resources provide it with key enablers to stand out in the region as an ideal location for agricultural activity. Rainfall in the country remains relatively abundant, at an average of 2.2 billion cubic meters per year, significantly higher than the regional average. The country is also rich with major rivers and water resources unique in the Middle East.


Major regions for crops, meadows and pastures include the Bekaa plain (where more than 40% of the land is cultivated), the North, especially in Koura and Akkar, and the South with the coastal region from Sidon to Tyre (where intensive agriculture is also present in greenhouses). Mount Lebanon and Nabatiyeh are also important agricultural zones, albeit with lower shares of cultivated land due to their rough landscape.




  • The Agriculture sector generates around 3.5% of Lebanon’s GDP*.
  • It employs roughly 6% of the Lebanese labor force, and is the 5th largest employer in the country.
  • Key agricultural products include fruits (mainly apples, oranges, bananas and grapes, but also significantly olives) which account for 31% of total agricultural production, and vegetables (such as potatoes, tomatoes and maize) which account for 63% of total production.
  • Amongst the vegetable category, potatoes account for the highest share of production with 25% of total vegetables production. They are followed by tomatoes (20% of vegetable production), cucumbers (11%) and lemons (5%).
  • Lebanon’s main export market for agricultural products remains the Middle East accounting for 96.2% of total exports in 2016. Five major Arab countries represent Lebanon’s main export markets with a 68.4% share: Kuwait (15.2%), Saudi Arabia (14.8%), UAE (14.6%), Egypt (12.1%) and Syria (11.7%).
  • Fruits exports accounted for 48% of agricultural exports in 2016, vegetables for 41% and cereals for 5%.

*Source: National Accounts




  • Highest proportion of agricultural land in the Middle East. Agricultural areas cover around 65% of the Lebanese territory (nearly equivalent to 6800 km2).
  • Lebanon’s moderate climate, rich soil, and abundant water resources provide it with key enablers to stand out in the region as an ideal location for agricultural activity.
  • Moderate climate allows for the cultivation of a wide variety of crops that would normally grow in both cold and tropical countries.
  • Institutional support to the sector: The government through IDAL provides exporters with financial and non-financial support aimed at increasing exports and widening access to new markets.
Agriculture Investment Incentives
Useful Addresses
Get in Touch
Lazarieh Tower, 4th Floor, Emir Bechir Street, Riad El-Solh Beirut, Lebanon, P.O.Box 113-7251
+961 1 983306 / 7 / 8
+961 1 983302 /3