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North Lebanon Governorate

Population: 949,197 (2016)
Districts: Minnieh-Dinnieh, Zgharta, Tripoli, Koura, Bcharreh, Batroun
Administrative Center: Tripoli
Number of municipalities: 144
Number of Projects that benefited from IDAL’s incentives: 6
Unemployment rate: 8%




The North Lebanon Governorate spans along the Mediterranean coast, limited by the Akkar Governorate to its North, the Baalback-Hermel Governorate to its East, and the Mount Lebanon Governorate to its South.

The governorate has an average altitude ranging between 0 on its coat to 3100 above sea level. It is home to Qornet el Sawda, the highest peak in Lebanon and the Levant, situated at 3,088 meters above sea level. It is composed of urbanized, mixed rural areas mainly concentrated around the city of Tripoli, Lebanon’s second largest city after Beirut, as well as natural areas in the rest of the territory. It is crossed by the Jaouz, Abou Ali, and Nahr-el-Bared rivers.




  • Industry: North Lebanon is home to 440 companies with around 60% in Tripoli. The majority of firms operate in the agro-food sector (28%), followed by the furniture sector (23%) [1].
  • Agriculture: The Governorate is also an important region for agricultural production. Cultivated areas in the North reached 65,433 hectares, making up 26% of total cultivated areas in Lebanon and 46% of total irrigated areas coming second after the Bekaa. In terms of agriculture produce, Olives capture more than 60% of the total cultivated areas. In terms of types of products most commonly found, Citrus account for almost 50% of total exports in the north, followed by Malus (23%).




  • Presence of 18 universities with more than 100,000 registered students.
  • Port of Tripoli: The port of Tripoli is the 2nd port in Lebanon after the Port of Beirut. It has an approximate area of 3 Million m2 and receives about 450 ships every year, averaging 37 ships per month. Most ships carry general goods and dry discharge.
  • Tripoli Special Economic Zone: The Tripoli Special Economic Zone which is already operational, provides companies with fiscal, financial, as well as non-financial incentives.
  • Qleyaat Airport: Named the Airport of Rene Mouawad consists of a runway capable of receiving 1 million passengers and 200 000 tons of freight per year. In 2012, the Lebanese Cabinet announced plans to restore the airport to be used for cargo and low-cost airlines.
  • The Tripoli International Fair (TIF): The Rachid Karame International Fair located in the southwest of Tripoli on an area of 1,000,000 meters square is considered 5th  among the largest exhibition centers in the world in terms of dimensions and variety of constructions. Since its reactivation in 1995, the TIF hosted many international fairs as well as international cultural activities. This in turn provides  the city with the opportunity to make the city an important business pole.
  • Incubation Support: Presence of the BIAT the Business Incubation Association of Tripoli which has provided mentorship opportunities to more than 2500 entities and has hosted more than 145 start-ups in its space, in addition to the the Beirut Arab University - Center for Entrepreneurship.
  • Lebanese Agriculture Research Institute (LARI)a governmental organization under Minister of Agriculture that conducts applied and basic scientific research for the development and advancement of the agricultural sector in Lebanon.
  • 41% of Lebanon’s olive groves are located in North Lebanon.
  • 19% of the Lebanese furniture production takes place in North Lebanon.
  • More than 90 banks branches and 124 ATMs spread across the different districts.




  • Agro-Food, specially Olive Oil: North Lebanon is home to 41% of Lebanon’s olive trees, the highest rate in the country, in addition to 11 olive oil companies and 274 out of 544 olive mills operating in the country. Olive groves are grown in six major regions extending from North to South: Batroun, Koura, Zgharta, in addition to several other subordinate areas.
  • Industry, specially Furniture: The furniture sector in Tripoli is highly concentrated geographically and forms an important cluster. It is mainly concentrated in 3 areas of Tripoli and operates across the value chain, from processing wood, to manufacturing, sales, and transportation.
  • Tourism: Opportunities exist to develop the religious and ecotourism sector with the North renowned for its numerous ecological sites: The Qadisha Valley and Cedars Forest in Bcharreh, inscribed as a world heritage site in 1998. Other natural sights include Horsh Ehden and the mountains of Tannourin

[1] Ministry of Finance

Get in Touch
Lazarieh Tower, 4th Floor, Emir Bechir Street, Riad El-Solh Beirut, Lebanon, P.O.Box 113-7251
+961 1 983306
+961 1 983302
Regional Map - North Lebanon (French)