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Employment & Social Security



Employment Contract:

The Ministry of Labor is the entity responsible for developing and implementing the Labor Law. Employment contracts are generally concluded in written form (although this is not obligatory). Written contracts shall be formulated in Arabic, but could be translated to a foreign language if the employer or the salaried person is a foreigner and unacquainted with the Arabic language. Contracts should comply with the provisions of the Common Law.


Employers who hire fifteen or more salaried persons shall be required to lay down a scheme regulating working conditions in his establishment. The scheme must be ratified by the Minister of Labor, and the regulations must incorporate the Labor Law guidelines.


Terms of Employment

  • Salaries and Wages

The minimum wage in Lebanon is currently set at LBP 650,000 (or the equivalence of USD 450). Information on payroll taxes are included in the Tax System section.


  • Working Hours
  • Working Hours. The standard working time is eight hours per day or the equivalent of 48 hours per week as set by the Labor Law guidelines
  • Breaks. The employer shall grant his salaried personnel a minimum of an hour rest that shall be interposed in the middle of the day whenever the duration of work exceeds six hours for men and five hours for women
  • Leaves. Every salaried person employed in an establishment for at least one year shall be entitled to an annual leave of fifteen days with full pay

Termination of Employment


The employer and the employee can mutually agree to break a written work contract at any time, in which case there is no payment for damages or entitlements. However, in situations where one party breaks the contract, the injured party is entitled to seek compensation. If the employee was dismissed without any notification period, he should be compensated for the notification he’s entitled to, according to the following:



Duration of Service

Duration of Notification Period

Less than 3 years

1 month

3 – 6 years

2 months

6- 12 years

3 months

More than 12 years

4 months

Source: Ministry of Labor


Non-Lebanese Workers Special Terms and Conditions:

Every foreigner seeking entry to Lebanon to practice a certain profession or work, with or without pay, is required to obtain a prior approval from the Ministry of Labor (except for artists who shall obtain the approval from the General Security Directorate). The foreigner shall apply abroad, through the official Lebanese mission or an authorized representative of the concerned person in Lebanon.  


If the foreign applicant is a salary earner, the employer is required to submit to the Ministry of Labor an application wherein he/she declares his/her approval to receive the foreign worker. The application must be supported by documents and instruments, which corroborate the contents of the foreigner’s application, as well as a labor contract certified by a public notary in Lebanon, or by one of the Lebanese Diplomatic Corps accredited abroad.


A foreigner, who intends to cumulate the quality of partner/shareholder, should fulfill the following conditions:

  • The share of the applicant in the capital should not be less than LBP 100 million
  • The applicant must declare the extent of his/her possibilities to employ Lebanese workers (at least 3 Lebanese workers against each foreigner and register them at the social security service within the first 6 months).



The National Social Security Fund (NSSF) provides employees with national insurance coverage for sickness, maternity care, family allowance, end-of-service pensions, work-related accidents and diseases. Formal employees or laborers from any sector are eligible to enroll in the program. These provisions are included in the Social Security Law enacted in 1963.


Social Security contributions are calculated as a percentage of monthly salaries, including overtime, bonuses, and fringe benefits. All employers in Lebanon are required to register their employees at the National Social Security Fund within one month from the start of operations, and are required to pay social security contributions on their behalf.


In general, all Lebanese employees and workers, regardless of the nature of their employment, are subject to the Social Security provisions, provided their activities are conducted on Lebanese territories.


Foreigners working in Lebanon (holders of work permits) are entitled to social security benefits, provided their countries of origin offer equal treatment to Lebanese workers (i.e. France, Italy, UK, Syria, and Belgium).



Contribution Type

Employee’s Contribution

Employer’s Contribution

Sickness and maternity



Family allowances



End of service allowance



Source: NSSF

Exemptions from Contributions

Non-resident foreigners and Lebanese are exempted from Social Security contributions if they are working in Lebanon and following an employment contract concluded abroad with foreign companies, and if their employer produces evidence that they are entitled to social security benefits in their country of residence at least equivalent to those offered in Lebanon.


For more information on the Labor Regulations and Social Security System, please download the PDF.
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Employment & Social Security