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Transportation

Lebanon’s network of air and sea routes provides a fast and efficient access to the rest of the region.

Airports

Beirut Rafic Hariri International Airport (RHIA) is located only 9 km (5.6 mi) away from the city center in the southern suburbs of Beirut, and is the only operational commercial airport in the country. It was selected by Skytrax Magazine as the second best airport and aviation hub in the Middle East, just behind Dubai.

 

RHIA ACTIVITY (2016) 
 

Aircraft 70,740
In 34,981
Out 34,963
Passengers (arrival+departure) 7,601,556
Arrival 3,735,976
Departure 3,774,848
Transit 8,549
GR. Total 85,342,691
Freight (kgs) 77,412,499
Unloaded (kgs) 51,931,933
Loaded (kgs) 31,986,306
Mails (kgs) 524,437

Source: Beirut Rafic Hariri International Airport

 

There are two additional airports which have been idle for a while: Rayak Airport located close to the Lebanon-Damascus border and Rene Mouawad Airport located in the North.

Beirut Rafic Hariri International Airport (RHIA) is located only 9 km (5.6 mi) away from the city center in the southern suburbs of Beirut, and is the only operational commercial airport in the country. It was selected by Skytrax Magazine as the second best airport and aviation hub in the Middle East, just behind Dubai.

 

RHIA ACTIVITY (2016) 
 

Aircraft 70,740
In 34,981
Out 34,963
Passengers (arrival+departure) 7,601,556
Arrival 3,735,976
Departure 3,774,848
Transit 8,549
GR. Total 85,342,691
Freight (kgs) 77,412,499
Unloaded (kgs) 51,931,933
Loaded (kgs) 31,986,306
Mails (kgs) 524,437

Source: Beirut Rafic Hariri International Airport

 

There are two additional airports which have been idle for a while: Rayak Airport located close to the Lebanon-Damascus border and Rene Mouawad Airport located in the North.

Sea Ports

The Port of Beirut is the main port in Lebanon located in the capital city, Beirut, and is one of the largest ports on the Eastern Mediterranean. It has been selected as a transshipment hub for the 2nd and 3rd largest container shipping companies in the world, Swiss-based Mediterranean Company (MSC) and French-based CMA-CGM. The port has a total area of 1,200,000 m2 with 4 basins, 16 quays, and a new container terminal at quay 16 capable of handling 1million Twenty-foot Equivalent Units (TEU) per year. The general cargo area consists of 12 warehouses and a grain silo with a capacity of 120,000 tons. 

 

BEIRUT PORT INDICATORS (2016) 
 

Size of harbor 1.2 km2
No. of Vessels 2,252
TEU Local 855,876
TEU Transshipment 291,343
Freight Outgoing 1,035,992
Freight Incoming 7,730,581
Annual revenue (USD million) 238.9
 Source: Port of Beirut
 
 

The Port of Tripoli is the second port in Lebanon after the Port of Beirut. It has an approximate area of 3 million sqm, with a water area of  2,200,000 sqm, a land area of 320,000 sqm, and a 420,000 sqm dump area adjacent to the current port, reserved for the future Container Terminal and Free Market Zone. The Port currently has one dock and 8 berths with depths varying from 8 to 10 meters. The Port receives about 450 ships every year, averaging 37 ships per month. Most ships carry general goods and dry discharge such as iron, wood, sugar, various kinds of beans, iron scrap, vehicles, and construction material. The Port of Tripoli also contains a Free Zone with an area of 150,000 sqm. The Port is currently undergoing expansion projects, where a new 600 m long berth is being built for container trade, with a rear zone area of 1,200,000 sqm. This zone has been approved by the Lebanese Parliament as a free economic zone. The port is located only 30 km away from the border with Syria, and thus accessible to the Gulf and the Arab World, with low taxes and tariffs, and reduced fees for hired labor.

 

TRIPOLI PORT INDICATORS (2016) 
 

Size of harbor 0.3 km2
No. of Ships 814
No. of Vessels 2,481
Tons of Goods (‘000) 1,917
Annual revenue (USD million) 15.25
 Source: Port of Tripoli

 

In addition to the Port of Beirut and the port of Tripoli, there are three other commercial sea ports in Tyr, Sidon, Jieh and Zahrani.

The Port of Beirut is the main port in Lebanon located in the capital city, Beirut, and is one of the largest ports on the Eastern Mediterranean. It has been selected as a transshipment hub for the 2nd and 3rd largest container shipping companies in the world, Swiss-based Mediterranean Company (MSC) and French-based CMA-CGM. The port has a total area of 1,200,000 m2 with 4 basins, 16 quays, and a new container terminal at quay 16 capable of handling 1million Twenty-foot Equivalent Units (TEU) per year. The general cargo area consists of 12 warehouses and a grain silo with a capacity of 120,000 tons. 

 

BEIRUT PORT INDICATORS (2016) 
 

Size of harbor 1.2 km2
No. of Vessels 2,252
TEU Local 855,876
TEU Transshipment 291,343
Freight Outgoing 1,035,992
Freight Incoming 7,730,581
Annual revenue (USD million) 238.9
 Source: Port of Beirut
 
 

The Port of Tripoli is the second port in Lebanon after the Port of Beirut. It has an approximate area of 3 million sqm, with a water area of  2,200,000 sqm, a land area of 320,000 sqm, and a 420,000 sqm dump area adjacent to the current port, reserved for the future Container Terminal and Free Market Zone. The Port currently has one dock and 8 berths with depths varying from 8 to 10 meters. The Port receives about 450 ships every year, averaging 37 ships per month. Most ships carry general goods and dry discharge such as iron, wood, sugar, various kinds of beans, iron scrap, vehicles, and construction material. The Port of Tripoli also contains a Free Zone with an area of 150,000 sqm. The Port is currently undergoing expansion projects, where a new 600 m long berth is being built for container trade, with a rear zone area of 1,200,000 sqm. This zone has been approved by the Lebanese Parliament as a free economic zone. The port is located only 30 km away from the border with Syria, and thus accessible to the Gulf and the Arab World, with low taxes and tariffs, and reduced fees for hired labor.

 

TRIPOLI PORT INDICATORS (2016) 
 

Size of harbor 0.3 km2
No. of Ships 814
No. of Vessels 2,481
Tons of Goods (‘000) 1,917
Annual revenue (USD million) 15.25
 Source: Port of Tripoli

 

In addition to the Port of Beirut and the port of Tripoli, there are three other commercial sea ports in Tyr, Sidon, Jieh and Zahrani.

Roads, Highways & Border Crossing

The road network in Lebanon, which connects the different regions together, is an important enabler of the country’s economic potential. 97% of all roads are paved in Lebanon with currently 7,200 km of paved roads. A double-carriage highway links the entire coast, from Tripoli all the way to Tyr, passing through Beirut. 

 

Beirut is also directly connected to the Bekaa valley, Lebanon’s main agriculture zone, by the Damascus Road, which continues all the way to the Syrian border. The Mdeirej Bridge, along the road to Syria, is the highest in the Middle East and stands as a symbol of Lebanon’s strong commitment to further enhancing its infrastructural network.

 

As for the border crossing, the only way into Lebanon by land is through Syria. There are four places in Lebanon where you can cross the border into Syria: Masnaa (for Damascus), Abboudiye (for Aleppo), Al-Qaa (at the northern end of the Bekaa Valley) and Aarida (on the coastal road from Tripoli to Lattakia), which are open all year.

The road network in Lebanon, which connects the different regions together, is an important enabler of the country’s economic potential. 97% of all roads are paved in Lebanon with currently 7,200 km of paved roads. A double-carriage highway links the entire coast, from Tripoli all the way to Tyr, passing through Beirut. 

 

Beirut is also directly connected to the Bekaa valley, Lebanon’s main agriculture zone, by the Damascus Road, which continues all the way to the Syrian border. The Mdeirej Bridge, along the road to Syria, is the highest in the Middle East and stands as a symbol of Lebanon’s strong commitment to further enhancing its infrastructural network.

 

As for the border crossing, the only way into Lebanon by land is through Syria. There are four places in Lebanon where you can cross the border into Syria: Masnaa (for Damascus), Abboudiye (for Aleppo), Al-Qaa (at the northern end of the Bekaa Valley) and Aarida (on the coastal road from Tripoli to Lattakia), which are open all year.

Get in Touch
Lazarieh Tower, 4th Floor, Emir Bechir Street, Riad El-Solh Beirut, Lebanon, P.O.Box 113-7251
Phone
+961 1 983306 / 7 / 8
Fax
+961 1 983302 /3
Infrastructure Map of Lebanon
Useful Addresses