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Infrastructure and Logistics

 

After the end of the civil war in 1990, Lebanon embarked on an ambitious infrastructure development program to rehabilitate its physical infrastructure and enhance the provision of public services. This saw Lebanon’s gross fixed capital formation grow to reach its peak of 37% of GDP in 1994 (see graph below). However in 2006, there was extensive destruction valued at 9.4 billion dollars, of which 3.5 billion dollars specifically to infrastructure due to the month-long war with Israel (IMF, 2017). The Government of Lebanon re-initiated a public expenditure program albeit much smaller than the one after the civil war.

 

As of 2011, the Infrastructure of Lebanon was once again under pressure after the influx of around 1.5 million refugees from neighboring Syria due to the regional conflict. In response to the Syrian crisis, the Government of Lebanon through the Council of Reconstruction and Development (the Government arm responsible of infrastructure investment projects) developed in 2017, a 23 billion dollars Capital Investment Program expected to be completed in three cycles of a four-year period each to stimulate economic growth and create jobs in the country (see table below). This was complemented by the ratification of a PPP law to help finance the major upcoming projects in the capital-intensive sectors such as water, energy and transportation.

 

These recent developments are expected to transform Lebanon’s economy to become more competitive globally and move the country’s position in ease of doing business by creating a more enabling environment for the growth of businesses and jobs.

 

LEBANON'S GROSS FIXED CAPITAL FORMATION AS % OF GDP (% Share|2017)

 LEBANON'S GROSS FIXED CAPITAL FORMATION AS % OF GDP (2017)

Note: High growth in infrastructure spending after the Lebanese Civil War

Source: World Bank

 

CAPITAL INVESTMENT PROGRAM (USD Million|2017)

 

Cycle 1

Cycle 2

Cycle 3

Transportation

2,863 2,820 1,698

Water and Irrigation

2,257

878  1,710 

Electricity

2,251

1,441 2,000

Solid Waste Management

1,400

- -

Wastewater

1,364

1,040 278

Telecommunication

700

- -

Cultural Heritage

84

180 -

Support to Industry

-

75 -

Source: Byblos Bank Research 2018

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